Dołączył: 17 Wrz 2021
|Wysłany: Sro Lis 24, 2021 11:45 pm Temat postu: New Capesize Bulk Carrier Site
|The Purpose and General Use of Seagoing Bulk Carriers
Operation of sea going bulk carriers was not without dangers. It is important to be careful and vigilant in all matters pertaining to shipboards. This site was created to serve as a resource for shipping companies across the globe. It provides details and guidelines for loading and unloading bulk cargo types. The website must stay within the limits that are set by the classification society. It is essential to not stress the structural integrity of the ship and adhere to all safety rules to ensure safe sea passage. The detail pages of bulk carriers contain details that could be useful to those who work at the terminal and the crew members working onboard.
General characteristics of seagoing bulk vessels
Bulk carriers, also known as single-deck vessels equipped with top-side tanks, or hopper side tanks in cargo spaces, are made to transport bulk cargo from a single commodities. Solid bulk cargo can refer to any material, other then liquid or gasoline made up of a combination granules and particles. They can be loaded directly into the ship's cargo spaces with no sort of containment. Example of such dry cargo are grain sugar, ores, and sugar in bulk. Bulk carrier, in its broadest meaning is a term used to describe all vessels specifically designed to carry bulk cargo including liquid cargo, or solid cargo. Tankers could also be included. The term"bulk carrier" is used in normal usage to refer to vessels built to carry bulk cargos. These include grain or similar agricultural products and minerals like coal, ore and stone on one or more of the voyage legs. Click over to this obo carrier blog for more.
What Is A Bulk Transportation?
"A ship which is intended primarily to carry dry cargo in bulk, including such types as ore carriers and combination carriers"
Carrying weights range from 3,000 tonnes up to 300,000.
Averaging speed between 12 and 15 knots
-Single deck ships, ie no tweendecks
Small to medium-sized bulk transporters that can carry up to 40,000 tonnes are fitted with cargo handling gear. Larger vessels use dock-based facilities for loading and unloading.
-Cargo holds are often big and clear of obstructions. Large hatches allow for simple loading and unloading.
Most bulk carriers have a cargo space that is dedicated to ballast. This can be used during ballast voyages to enhance stability. To partially ballast, one or two additional holds could be permitted, but are only permitted in port
They have hydraulic, single pull or stacking (piggy- back) type steel hatch covers
Ballast tanks of different types
Sloping topside wing tanks
Sloping bottom side wing tank
Double bottom tanks
The ballast tank is a peak and then a later peak tank.
Bulk solid cargo? Any other than gas or liquid material made up of a mixture of particles and granules. It can be loaded directly into areas of cargo without the need for intermediate container. You must ensure that all cargoes are ready to be loaded, regardless of whether they are "clean" or "dirty" and there isn't any contamination. To load the cargo, it is important to thoroughly clean the area. Surveyors may be required to ensure that the space is ready for loading. To avoid contamination, it's important that all residues from prior cargoes are cleared. Bulk cargo damage is mostly due to water. To prevent water ingress the hatch covers need to be watertight. All fittings inside the hold (ladders pipes, ladders, bilge covers, etc.) All fittings inside the hold (pipe guards, bilge covers.) must be checked to ensure that they are in proper condition and securely secured. If they're not properly fitted, the equipment can cause significant damages to conveyor systems which can lead to delays. Click over to this dry bulk cargo url for more.
Bulk Carrier, Bulker It is built for transporting dry cargo. The conventional bulk carrier is built with a single deck and single skin. Bulk carriers are able to load any bulk cargo from heavy to light grain up to the maximum weight they can carry. The loading, carriage and finally the discharge of bulk cargo that is dry isn't as easy or straight forward as most people would imagine.
Gearless Bulk Carrier
A lot of bulk cargoes pose dangers and may be damaged in transit. The ship can be easily damaged by incorrect loading e.g. A ship that is not loaded to its maximum forward could be bent if you load it excessively. This ?stress? could cause life-threatening consequences during rough seas. Other cargoes may also be affected by residuals from prior cargoes. Water damage can also have devastating effect on some bulk goods e.g. cement power. It is challenging to confirm the weights and numbers of cargoes that are loaded and unloaded. These aspects have significant implications on the operation of bulk cargoes. Discharging bulk cargo using? conveyor belts or similar systems are not controlled and monitored the bulk cargoes make the shape of a cone. The angle that is created by the cone is known as 'angle of repose'. It differs from one cargo to the next. For iron ore, cargoes can form a steep-angled cone, while cargoes that flow freely create an angled cone that is shallow. A cargo with a low angle or repose may shift during the course of. Certain cargoes may require bulldozers to help distribute the load across the holdings. Although most dry bulk carriers utilize shoreside facilities for cargo loading or discharge Certain bulk carriers have self-unloading facilities using conveyors underneath the cargo hold or cranes in decks.